A Cointegration Analysis of Public Debt Service and GDP in Indonesia

Muhammad Cholifihani


Used car market has been growing rapidly, because of fleet sales,
improved reliability and its longevity that it can be an economical means
of product recovery market creation for developing countries like the
Philippines. The purpose of this study is to provide in-depth insights
into three specific product recoveries in the used car sector. It demonstrated
the actual stage of 3 R’s operations (reconditioning, repositioning and
remanufacturing). This study makes several contributions to the literature
of product recovery and innovation. First, it illustrated the concept of
used cars as recyclable resources. Second, it described more precise
definitions of the “re†of product recovery. Third, gave an in-depth
background of the specifics procedures took place at the industrial unit
especially in medium and small size used car trading enterprises, from
the movements, production processes, quality tests and fulfillment
certifications and standards until the distribution to sale points at the
domestic market. Fourth, provide proactive approaches to move 3 R’s
into mainstream business practice. The aim was to disseminate this
information more widely, so that best practice from one community
could spread to others with similar needs and circumstances.


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