CSR or ISO Certification: What Does Really Matter for Consumer in Developing Countries

Ammar Ahmed, Muhammad Azeem, Sanober Salman Shaikh


This empirical study was aimed to discover the impact of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and international standardization of organization (ISO) on corporate reputation (CR) and corporate reputation’s effect on consumer loyalty (CL). In addition, the relationship of corporate reputation & trust (T), corporate reputation with consumer company identification (CCI) was also examined. Lastly the association of consumer company identification, trust and consumer loyalty (CL) was also analyzed.

 The data was collected from 500 students of three different universities and survey instrument was administrated.  Overall, eight hypotheses were examined to confirm the relationship among variables by using the CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis) and structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the validity of the instrument with the help of AMOS and SPSS software.

The result indicated that ISO and environmental CSR has direct relationship with corporate reputation. Corporate reputation had direct association with trust. Whereas, corporate reputation was significantly positive related with consumer company identification. Subsequently, Trust also showed positive relation with loyalty and positive relationship was found between consumer company identification and consumer loyalty. Furthermore, results showed that community development- corporate social responsibility had no relationship with corporate reputation and corporate reputation was significantly related with customer loyalty.

The findings of this study contribute in the literature provided instrument authenticity and adaptability in Pakistani context. In this study limitations and future recommendations were also provided.

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